Genetics and Aging
Some people are genetically blessed and despite their age still sport a radiant and younger skin. Genes that we inherit, also direct the rate at which the collagen in our skin is produced. At the end of the chromosomes (present in DNA and from where we inherit our traits), on the DNA chain are telomeres. These telomeres allow division and replication of the cells, simultaneously preserving the genetic coding that are to be inherited. Recent research of these telomeres indicates that those who have chromosomes with longer telomere sequences, live longer (an average of 5 years more) and their skin looks much younger and healthier, even as they grow older.
If proper care and precautions are not taken then despite the inherited genes, factors such as the environment (long exposure to the sun and UV rays), smoking and lifestyle (lack of exercise and a healthy diet), can damage your skin and the inevitable wrinkles will age your skin.
Kick the Sugar Love-tie
If you have a sweet tooth and love to drink soft drinks and eat candy or even simple foods like honey, white rice or white bread, then it is time to reconsider those dietary habits. Foods with simple sugars, when ingested, break down easily and enter the blood stream and cohere with the protein molecules present in the cells, including the elastin and collagen present in our skin. Consequently, sagging skin and lines / wrinkles form.
Love to Fly?
In the present world and lifestyle / business travel, frequent flyers abound. The downside of frequently flying is that you are closer to the sun than if you were on the ground. The effects of the sun can be pretty harsh on the skin; one of the reasons why pilots and air attendants are prone to melanoma or cancer of the skin. The dry air also affects the skin and without moisture the skin wrinkles.
- So when flying drink a lot of water to stay hydrated
- Avoid alcohol and salty foods
- Apply a protective moisturizer with SPF 15; apply the moisturizer 30 minutes prior to flying
- Pull the shades down if you are sitting next to a window
Stress, anxiety and tensions dog your footsteps and are factors that are not kind to your skin either. Stress and anxiety releases a hormone called cortisol which has an adverse effect on collagen and the elastin in your skin. Constant tensions may make you perpetually wear a frown or a grimace, ultimately causing those lines and wrinkles. So, learn to relax and bust those tensions away with Yoga and brisk walking.
Loss of Moisture and Weight Gain
Gaining weight, even if it is a mere 10 to 15 pounds does have an impact on your skin. More weight results in the increased production of insulin and cortisol, which in turn damages the collagen in your skin. Frequently losing or gaining weight is also not good for your skin, as the ups and downs can cause stretch marks and dewlap to form.
Menopause causes the skin to dry. Consequently, ensure to moisturize as much as possible to prevent those wrinkles from making their appearance.
In La-la Land
If you have had a sleepless night, the morning after leaves its inevitable mark. While you sleep, your skin works to repair the damage caused, every day. Lack of sleep aggravates the release of cortisone which damages the collagen and elastin in your skin. Sleep is also a good panacea for relieving stress, anxiety and tensions. On an average 7 to 8 hours of sleep is necessary to keep your skin looking younger.